Ukraine » Dnepr / Dnjepr River | Ukraine
The large Ukrainian River flowing from the capital to the Black Sea
Dnepr / Dnjepr River | Ukraine: Characteristics & Overview
Rating of waterway
|Length of waterway:||1677 km|
|Degree of difficulty:||Very demanding|
|Requirements:||Boating license essential|
|Character of waterway:||no rating|
|Profile of waterway:||Main waterway|
Waterway has access to:Desna River | Ukraine
Dnepr | Dnjepr | Belarus
River Prypjat / Prypjaz | Belarus
The third in size of all European rivers has its spring, just like its biggest side river Desna, in the Russian heights of Smolensk, about 200 km west of Moscow and barely 100 km south of those of River Volga.
It first flows southwards, turns then to the west, passing the west Russian town of Smolensk and reaches after 70 km to Belarus.
Short after the border, it turns southwards again, crossing southeast of Belarus.
From its confluence with the side river Sosch at the town of Loyev, River Dnieper becomes the Border River between Ukraine and Belarus. About 100 km north of the capital of Kiev, it is finally on Ukrainian territories only. A few km further south, River Prypjat joins the Dnieper. It makes the link to Dnieper - Bug - Canal which used to give access to the Polish waterways. This link is today cut off short before the Polish border at Brest.
On its way to the Black Sea, the river passes the most important industrial area of Ukraine and is retained several times. The dams are supplied with large locks. The river is navigable for 1677 km. The surroundings upstream of Ukrainian Dnieper gained notoriety with the catastrophe of Chernobyl. The atomic power plant lies a few km up the confluence of Prypjat into Dnieper. The town of Prypjat became a ghost town and is still belonging to the ten towns with the strongest air pollution worldwide.
The last few years, excursions on the river have started again and one can see the ruins from far if one feels like doing so.